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Definitions of Acronyms/Terms

USDA
United States Department of Agriculture, responsible for enforcing the Horse Protection Act

HPA:
Horse Protection Act

APHIS
(Animal & Plant Health Inspection Service) the division of the USDA responsible for enforcing the Horse Protection Act.

HIO
(Horse Industry Organization) is available here.

DQP
(Designated Qualified Individual for inspections)

FOSH
(Friends of Sound Horses)

HPC
(Horse Protection Commission).

NWHA
(National Walking Horse Association) .

NHSC
(National Horse Show Commission).

DQP:
Designated Qualified Person, an inspector from HIO.

HIO:
Horse Industry Organization (a gaited horse organization certified by USDA to perform inspections). HPA: Horse Protection Act, the 1970 federal law that prohibits soring.

NHSC:
National Horse Show Commission, established as a 50/50 partnership between trainers and owners; an HIO licensed by the USDA for establishing and enforcing industry regulations.

OP:
Operating Plan, current agreement between USDA and certain signatory HIOs.

SHOW:
Sound horses, Honest judging, Objective inspections, Winning fairly; an HIO licensed by the USDA for establishing and enforcing industry regulations.

TWHBEA:

Tennessee Walking Horse Breeders' and Exhibitors' Association.

TWHNC:
Tennessee Walking Horse National Celebration: The 11-day show that names the World Grand Champion Tennessee walking horse.

USDA:
United States Department of Agriculture. VMO: Veterinary Medical Officer (an inspector from the USDA).

WHA:
Walking Horse Advocates, a new organization dedicated to promoting safer practices in training and exhibiting.

WHOA:
Walking Horse Owners' Association.

WHTA:
Walking Horse Trainers' Association.